Climate-resilient industrial development paths: design principles and alternative models

This paper explores the broad contours of climate resilient industrial development paths. It defines development as an increase in local capacities for production and innovation and argues that the overarching goal of development is the generation of sustainable livelihoods. It suggests that to be climate resilient, industry policies should have four key design features: they are pro-active; they promote industrial diversification; they focus on mobilizing investment in environmentally sustainable industries and infrastructure, including low-carbon and renewable energy; they are highly responsive to local geo-physical conditions and are based on principles of adaptive management; and they are designed, implemented and governed via accountable partnerships involving government, business, and community actors.