Renewable energy in industrial applications: an assessment of the 2050 potential

In recent years, renewable energy has increasingly attracted public and policy attention particularly for its potential to contribute to reductions in GHG emissions. Most interest has focused on the use of renewables in power generation and as biofuels. Although some attention has been paid to the potential for renewables, particularly biomass and solar thermal technologies, to contribute to heating and cooling in residential space heating applications, their use in industrial applications has received less interest. This report focuses on the potential of renewable energy sources for process heat in the industrial sector and for biomass feedstock substitution in industrial processes.