Common property resources and their linkages with livelihood in South Asia: a review

About fifty literatures published during 1980 to date were reviewed for the common property resources, CPRs, especially pasturelands. They were categorized in three aspects viz. linkages, livelihood and share of income, and effect on CPRs and role of CPRs. It was analyzed for their linkages, the strong and the weak linkages were identified. A framework of the linkages was developed. It is revealed that management of CPRs plays a vital role for the sustainable productivity of common pastureland and to private farm land. It was observed that the socioeconomic aspects of rangeland /pastureland in the context of Nepal, as well as in the regional level (ICIMOD, that accounts for 40 percent of high hills, has been neglected and a strong policy implication should be implemented based on research findings.