Impact of urbanisation on biodiversity: case studies from India
Urbanisation in India is occurring at a rate that is faster compared to many other parts of the developing world. The Planning Commission of the Government of India estimates that about 40 per cent of the country’s population will be residing in urban areas by 2030. However, as conurbations and megacities grow, they spawn a disproportionately large footprint in the form of ravaged nature in and around these expanding cities. Therefore, understanding the impact of urbanisation on biodiversity becomes imperative not only from the point of view of conservation, but also for planning sustainable cities. This report attempts to understand the impact of urbanisation on biodiversity based on the study of two Indian cities—Coimbatore and Kolkata, which are located in important, yet different bio-diverse regions.