Alternatives to biofuels: renewable energy in transport without crop based biofuels

The UK could meet its 10% transport obligations under the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED) without the use of current land‐based biofuels, or indeed any land‐based crops or trees. This is partly due to new proposals for the RED that would incentivise the use of sustainable advanced generation biofuels from wastes and residues, the use of other ‘genuine wastes’ that would otherwise be disposed of, and electric vehicles from renewable sources. As ActionAid will show below, the UK government could still fill the 10% without land‐based biofuels and thereby avoid all the social and negative impacts associated with biofuels.