Urban mobility plans: national approaches and local practice
The document reviews approaches for Urban Mobility Plans (UMP) from various countries and showcases a growing number of examples calling for a shift away from the traditional, infrastructure-oriented approach towards sustainable and people-oriented planning. Urban Mobility Plans are used as planning tool and policy instrument to guide the development of transport in urban areas and surrounding regions. In several countries, such as Brazil, France and India the development of Urban Mobility Plans has become an obligatory requirement for receiving national government funds for urban transport projects. The paper’s intension is to support local policy-makers and planners in shaping urban mobility planning processes and policies in an effective and inclusive manner.