Vertical integration of climate change policies and actions in Asia-Pacific cities

This discussion paper explores the linkages between climate change ambitions, policies, multi-level governance frameworks and vertical integration in cities in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, it focuses on what the paper calls: (a) specific instruments – decentralization, finance, and measuring, reporting and verification systems (MRV); and (b) cross-cutting instruments – country and city-level capacity, citizen engagement and participation and digitization. The paper draws examples from countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region, with the scope and audience of the paper being climate and urban development policymakers, technical-level officials and practitioners from across the Asia-Pacific region.