Creating urban water resilience in India: A water balance study of Chennai, Bengaluru, Coimbatore, and Delhi

This study attempts to contribute to the mission’s objective by analysing the gaps and constraints in the current urban water balance and the city water budgeting process. The 2021-22 Union Budget announced the launch of the Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban), an ambitious project that aims to provide potable tap water supply to 2.86 crore households by 2024. Even as the programme takes shape, much of urban India continues to face severe water stress conditions due to rapid urbanisation, negligible augmentation of raw water sources, archaic water infrastructure and poor water governance. The study comprehensively analyses the water supply and demand scenarios in four water-stressed cities—Chennai, Coimbatore, Bengaluru and Delhi.