Antimicrobial resistance and water: the risks and costs for economies and societies

This paper explores the relationship between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and water pollution. It highlights how the amount of consumption and discharge of antimicrobial drugs into water bodies, in combination with the socio-economic vulnerability of a country determines the rate at which AMR spreads. In countries lacking universal wastewater treatment and access to clean water and sanitation, water is the primary vector in the spread of AMR.