Climate-resilience policies and investments for Egypt’s agriculture sector: sustaining productivity and food security

The importance of a resilient agriculture sector in providing food security, livelihoods, and household income was highlighted in many countries by the recent pandemic, as was the capacity of the sector to cushion the negative impacts of the subsequent economic slowdown. This has been the case in Egypt, where agriculture has been resilient to the health crisis in comparison with the service and industry sectors (Breisinger et al. 2020). However, the sector’s resiliency is gradually being corroded by climate change, with lasting, harmful effects for agriculture and food systems. This report presents an assessment of the impacts of climate change on Egypt’s agriculture sector, food security, and nutrition; alternative adaptation options at the farm and national policy levels; and policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the Egyptian food system’s resilience to climate change.