Opportunities and pathways to decarbonize China’s transportation sector during the fourteenth Five-Year Plan period and beyond

China has pledged to reach a peak in the nation’s economy-wide CO2 emissions by 2030 and to reach carbon neutrality by 2060. This study uses cutting-edge emission modeling tools to assess the potential for reducing climate pollutants from advanced policy packages compared with currently adopted policies for China’s transportation sector. The study provides China with a technical foundation for consideration of climate goals during the 14th Five-Year-Plan (FYP) period (2021-2025) and over the long term.