Roadmap for achieving India’s NDC pledge

India announced its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) at the Conference of Parties (CoP) meeting in Paris, 2015. In its NDCs, India seeks to (a) reduce the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 33–35% of 2005 levels, by 2030; (b) build 40% of fossil-free power generation capacity by 2030, and (c) create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) by 2030. The NDCs embody efforts by countries to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The Paris Agreement (Article 4, Paragraph 2) requires each country to prepare, communicate and maintain successive NDCs that it intends to achieve. In this sense, India’s current NDCs are just the beginning of a long series of in-country efforts to pursue domestic mitigation measures.