Sustainable manufacturing for India's low-carbon transition: four bets for hard-to-abate sectors

This brief analyses four key sectors of the manufacturing industry: iron and steel, cement, ammonia and chemicals (primarily petrochemicals), which have the highest emissions intensity of production. The analysis reveals that the opportunities to decarbonise the manufacturing sector are aplenty. It suggests that India’s competitiveness in manufacturing iron and steel, cement, ammonia and petrochemicals needs a boost. Shifting to low-carbon technologies provides the opportunity for a large manufacturing economy like India to take the lead. The brief also points out why a big bet on the essential trinity of growth, jobs and sustainability is needed urgently.