The future of VECTO: CO2 certification of advanced heavy-duty vehicles in the European Union

To meet upcoming mandatory fleet-average reductions in CO2, heavy-duty vehicle manufacturers will have to introduce fuel-efficient technologies at a faster rate than they have done in past decades. To meet these future regulatory requirements, the CO2 certification framework should cover vehicles and advanced technologies that are not currently being captured. This report identifies the challenges that the CO2 standards create for the certification procedure and puts forward recommendations to overcome them in a timely manner.