Question raised in Rajya Sabha on waste management in urban areas, 11/03/2020

The collection & management of solid waste in the country is being done by either Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) itself or through contractual workers or by Self Help Groups (SHGs). Under Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM-U), allocation of funds have been made for entire mission period of five years.echnology for dealing with urban waste is dependent upon the characteristics of the waste. To achieve certain amount of uniformity in characteristics, the SWM Rules 2016 have laid down the principles of segregation of waste at source itself into- (1) wet/ biodegradables (such as vegetables, food, green, meat, etc.) (2) Dry/non-biodegradable (such as paper, cardboard, plastics, pouches, cloth, rags, wood, metal, glass etc.) and (3) domestic hazardous waste (such as sweeping waste, sanitary waste and others). Various technologies/ methods used in the country (or in world) for processing the urban waste are different for each of the above stated three types of waste.