Infrastructure to support a 100% zero-emission tractor-trailer fleet in the United States by 2040

This analysis estimates the number of charging points and hydrogen refueling stations needed to enable the transition to 100 percent sales of zero-emission Class 7 and Class 8 tractor-trailers by 2040 in the United States. By 2030, approximately 127,000 charging points and 220 hydrogen refueling stations will be necessary to support a fleet of 103,000 zero-emission tractor-trailers. The cumulative investment needed to install publicly available infrastructure is $6.4 billion, beginning in 2021. Of 32,000 publicly accessible chargers, 14,000 will require a charging speed of 350 kW or greater.