Heat wave 2022: causes, impacts and way forward for Indian agriculture

Indian Agriculture continues to be vulnerable to weather vagaries despite self-sufficiency in food grain production. Climate change and increased extreme weather events in recent decades as well as uncertainty in prediction of those events further add to the woes of the farmers causing widespread losses of agricultural output. This year in 2022, extreme heat is gripping large parts of India, affecting hundreds of millions of people and agriculture in particular. This document is an attempt in this direction that includes information on the heat-wave formation, heat wave vulnerable regions of India, the extent and spread of heat wave 2022 in northern and central India, possible impacts of heat stress on various aspects of agriculture and availability of technological interventions. Apart from crop, livestock, poultry and fishery specific management interventions, this bulletin also presents experiences from the technology demonstration component of NICRA.