Incentives for electrifying agricultural tractors in India

Tractors in India are an increasing source of carbon emissions and criteria pollutants, driven by India’s role as a global leader in agricultural production. These emissions could continue as mechanization of agriculture advances in India. Powered primarily by diesel engines, tractors consume about 8% of India’s oil annually and account for 60% of total agricultural fuel usage. And tractors consume about the same share of diesel fuel as buses but without being subject to efficiency standards. With the growing market, tractors may soon become a major emissions contributor and fuel consumer in India as the road sector moves away from reliance on fossil fuel.